Universitas Negeri Padang (UNP) is a conversion result of the IKIP Padang which was name before as Perguruan Tinggi Pendidikan Guru (PTPG). Since established on October 23, 1954, UNP has changed a lot.
In its development history, changes by changes occurred not only in the name and the domicile of the institution but also in its status and educational programs which were developed in accordance with the demands of Indonesia’s educational development policy. On general, these changes can be classified into five periods, namely, the period of PTPG Batusangkar, the period of FKIP Universitas Andalas Bukittinggi in Batusangkar, the period of FKIP Universitas Andalas Padang, the period of IKIP Jakarta’s branch in Padang, the period of IKIP Padang, and the period of UNP.
The Period of PTPG Batusangkar (1954 – 1956)
PTPG Batusangkar began to stand with six departments, namely, the Department of Indonesian Language, the Department of History, the Department of English, the Department of Economics, the Department of Definitive Sciences, and the Department of Biology. On its progress, however, many first-generation students are moved to PTPG Bandung and PTPG Malang because the lectures had not been run as they should be. As a result, very few students are survived. The department which originally amounted to six then reduced into four departments are the Department of Indonesian Language, the Department of History, the Department of Economics, and the Department of Mathematics. In 1955, PTPG Batusangkar opened another new department, namely, the Law Department which was later recorded as the first department that is produced a bachelor of education in 1964.
The Period of FKIP Universitas Andalas Bukittinggi in Batusangkar (1956 – 1958)
In 1956, PTPG throughout Indonesia was integrated into local universities. Even though the integration was a change in status, for PTPG Batusangkar which was integrated into Universitas Andalas Bukittinggi, this policy was not affected the previous programs hardly. The regional upheaval that occurred at that time caused a bit of congestion in the implementation of the lecture program for one year (from 1957 to early 1958).
The Period of FKIP Universitas Andalas Padang (1958 – 1964)
After retarding until early 1958, FKIP Unand was reactivated on June 10, 1958, and on September 1 in the same year, its domicile was transferred from Batusangkar to Padang. It was only after 1958, FKIP Unand then was developed steadily. In 1961, all of the B1 courses throughout West Sumatera province were integrated into FKIP, namely English B1 courses, History B1 Courses in Bukittinggi, Indonesian Language B1 courses, Definitive Science courses, Commercial Courses, and Physical Education courses in Padang. Further developments then occurred with the opening of several new departments are the Department of Educational Advisory, the Department of Life Sciences, the Department of Social Education, and the Department of Arts. Almost all new departments then developed the Bachelor’s Degree program. During this period, only the Civics / Law department and the Department of Economics / Cooperatives had pioneered the development of the Bachelor program.
The Period of IKIP Jakarta’s Branch in Padang (1964 – 1965)
In 1964, FKIP Unand Padang was separated from Universitas Andalas and became IKIP Jakarta’s branch. By organizing the existing departments, four faculties emerge, namely the Faculty of Education (FIP), the Teaching Faculty of Physical Sciences (FKIE), the Teaching Faculty of Social Sciences (FKPS), and the Teaching Faculty of Arts (FKSS). During this period, the Department of Physical Education (FKIP) which was known before as B1 Physical Education of Padang changed its status to the Jakarta Sports Academy (STO) branch in Padang, under the Department of Sports.
This period is a transition period before IKIP Padang’s independence. At the end of 1964, a new faculty namely the Teaching Faculty of Engineering (FKT) was formed from a private status institution supervised by The Development and Welfare Foundation of IKIP Padang. Thus, the IKIP Jakarta’s Branch in Padang has five faculties so that it meets the requirements to obtain the status as an independent IKIP.
The Period of IKIP Padang as Independent Institution (1965 – 1999)
Starting on August 7, 1965, with the Decree of the Minister of Higher Education and Science (PTIP) Number 351/1965, IKIP Padang has become an independent institution. The Institute consists of five faculties which 14 majors, namely (a) FIP with the Department of Education and the Department of Social Education, (b) FKPS with the Department of History / Anthropology, the Department of Economics / Cooperatives, and the Department of Civics / Law Department, (c) FKIE with the Department of Physical Science, the Department of Life Sciences, the Department of Natural Sciences, and Department of Chemistry, (d) FKSS with the Department of Indonesian Language and Literature, the Department of English Language and Literature, and the Department of Fine Arts, and (e) FKT with the Department of Machine, the Department of Civil, and the Department of Architecture.
In May 1966, all of the IKIP Padang activities were transferred to Air Tawar. Since then, the institute has begun to build its campus, step by step, and developed the broader programs so that in 1969, there were 21 departments in five faculties were formed.
Since the first year of 1st Five-Year Development, IKIP Padang has grown rapidly. In 1970, IKIP Padang had a Laboratory School consisted of SMA and STM. Two years later, on January 1, 1972, Laboratory Schools were equipped with kindergartens, elementary schools, and junior high schools. In the same year, IKIP Padang was given the responsibility to implement the Development School Pioneer Project.
Starting in 1975 the academic year, some reformations in the field of program development began with the use of the semester credit system (SKS) which in 1979 then was implemented in all the universities throughout Indonesia according to the decisions of the Minister of Education and Culture.
The following year, in 1976 and 1977, a non-degree program was opened in response to the increasing demand for secondary school teachers. This non-degree program is known as the 1st Secondary School Teacher Education (PGSLP), with majors in Natural Sciences (IPA), Mathematics, Indonesian Language, and English. In 1977, this program was expanded by the opening of new fields of study, namely, Guidance and Counseling, Service Skills, and Handicraft Skills. Meanwhile, in the same year, another program was also opened which is called Teacher Education for Higher Education (PGSLA) with the fields of Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Indonesian and English. Both types of these programs are progressed till 1978.
With the integration of the Sports College (STO) in 1977, IKIP Padang added a new faculty, namely the Sports Science Teaching Faculty (FKIK) with the Department of Sport, the Department of Import and Recreation, and the Department of Sports and Health. Thus, IKIP Padang has six faculties.
In 1979, IKIP Padang opened the S0, S1 and Akta Mengajar I, II, III and IV. The S0 program consists of D1, DII, and DIII programs that specifically produced junior and senior high school teachers.
With the Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture on March 14, 1983, the faculties name of IKIP was set nationally, namely the Faculty of Education (FIP), the Faculty of Language and Art Education (FPBS), the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FPMIPA), the Faculty of Social Science Education (FPIPS), Faculty of Sports and Health Education (FPOK), and the Faculty of Technology and Vocational Education (FPTK).
In 1990, according to the policy of Indonesia’s Minister of Education and Culture, the implementation of the LPTK program under one roof the School of Teacher Education (SPG) and Sports Teacher School (SGO) in West Sumatra (Bukittinggi and Padang) were integrated into IKIP Padang becoming the Department of Primary School Teacher Education (PGSD) for classroom teachers and the Department of Physical Education PGSD (Penjas). This is done in order to improve the quality of elementary school teachers. As similar to 1994, the School for Special Education Teacher (SGPLB) of Bandar Buat Padang was also integrated into IKIP Padang into the Department of Special Education (PLB) at the FIP IKIP Padang.
The Postgraduate Program (PPs) of UNP has been initiated since 1981 under the name of Credit Collection Activities (KPK) under the guidance of the Postgraduate Faculty of IKIP Jakarta on the Educational Administration study program. The status of the KPK was upgraded to an independent study program with the Decree of the Director-General of DIKTI No. 517 / Dikti / Kep / 1992 on December 31, 1992. In the 1994/1995 academic year, the Educational Administration Study Program was grouped into several concentrations, namely Education Management, Guidance and Counseling, Social Sciences Education, and Language Education. In 1996/1997, two concentrations were also opened, namely Educational Technology and Environmental Management. In 1997/1998, several concentrations had also become Study Programs.
The Period of Universitas Negeri Padang (UNP) (1999 – present)
The change of IKIP Padang to be Universitas Negeri Padang (UNP) was determined by Presidential Decree No. 93 on August 24, 1999. Previously, based on the Decree of the Directorate General of DIKTI Depdikbud No. 1499 / D / 1996 on June 20, 1996, the Directorate General of DIKTI has approved the assignment of more tasks to IKIP Padang to organize non-education of study programs, in addition to continuing to organize and develop education for educational personnel. Since 1997/1998 the academic year, IKIP Padang has begun organizing various non-education study programs as an extension of the mandate that was given by the government, through a decree of the Director-General of DIKTI Depdikbud No. 1884 / D / I / 1997 on August 1, 1997, by opening some study programs: 1) Indonesian Language and Literature, 2) English Language and Literature, 3) Mathematics, 4) Biology, 5) Physics and 6) Chemistry for bachelor degree programs. And also, 1) Electrical Engineering, 2) Civil Engineering, 3) Mechanical Engineering, 4) Automotive Engineering, 5) Catering, and 6) Dressing and Automotive Engineering for D3. Thus, UNP not only prepares students to become educational staff but also prepares academic and professional personnel for students in certain non-education fields,
In 1999/2000 the academic year, UNP had received approval to open some new non-education study programs that are 1) D3 Automotive Engineering, 2) S1 Management, and 3) S1 Sports Science. Then, in the 2001 Academic Year, UNP opened four more non-education study programs, namely: Mining Engineering (D3), Information Science, Library and Archives (D3), Accounting and Development Economics (S1), and some education fields, namely: Sociology and Anthropology Education (S1 ). So that, until 2001/2002 the academic year, UNP totally had opened 19 non-education study programs which continue to grow.
With the change of IKIP Padang to UNP, there were also changes in faculty’s names such as Faculty of Education (FIP), Faculty of Social Sciences (FIS), Faculty of Language Literature and Arts (FBSS), Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FMIPA), Faculty of Engineering (FT), Faculty of Sports Science (FIK) and the increased of one more faculty namely the Faculty of Economics (FE) in 2005 through the approval of DIKTI No. 2816 / D / T / 2004 on July 22, 2004, and the Chancellor’s Decree No. 05 / J.41 / KP / 2005 on January 2, 2005.
For the Postgraduate Program (S2), an opening permit was issued for the Guidance and Counseling Study Program in 2001. Thus, PPs UNP has 6 Study Programs currently, namely Educational Administration, Social Sciences Education, Language Education, Educational Technology, Environmental Sciences, and Counseling Guidance. In addition, PPs UNP also has 10 concentrations, namely (1) Management of Education, (2) Management of Environmental Education, (3) Management of Sports Education, (4) Indonesian Language Education, (5) English Language Education, (6) Education Economics / Geography, (7) Historical Education / PPKN, (8) Sociology / Anthropology Education, (9) Educational Technology and (10) Vocational Education. For the 2003/2004 school year, PPs even carried out a Doctoral Program (S3) with a study program in Education based on the Decree of the Director-General of DIKTI No. 940 / D / T / 2003, May 7, 2003.
In addition, to the Postgraduate Program, UNP opened a Masters Program in Management (MM) which was initially held in collaboration with the University of Jember in 2000. However, since the issuance of the Decree of the Director-General of DIKTI No. 2596 / D / T / 2000 on August 6, 2001, UNP has the authority to organize a Master of Management Program independently. In 2003, MM Program was accredited by BAN-PT based on SK BAN-PT No. 068 / BAN-PT / Ak-II / S2 / VII / 2003. The MM program of UNP has three concentrations, namely Public Management, Marketing management, and Human Resource Management.
On February 17, 2015, UNP also experienced some changes in status that from the Government Agencies of the regular Work Unit into the Government Agencies with full status of applying PK BLU. This amendment is based on the Decree of the Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia Number 335 / KMK.05 / 2015 on February 17, 2015, so the status of Universitas Negeri Padang has officially become a Public Service Agency (BLU). With this, UNP can apply some flexibilities on financial management, develop assets, and services in accordance with the Regulation of the Government Number 23 in 2005 that was concerning on Financial Management of Public Service Agencies as amended by Government Regulation Number 74 on 2012, and at the same time as the first agency to become a Public Service Agency in 2015.