Starting on August 7, 1965, with the Decree of the Minister of Higher Education and Science (PTIP) Number 351/1965, IKIP Padang has become an independent institution. The Institute consists of five faculties which 14 majors, namely (a) FIP with the Department of Education and the Department of Social Education, (b) FKPS with the Department of History / Anthropology, the Department of Economics / Cooperatives, and the Department of Civics / Law Department, (c) FKIE with the Department of Physical Science, the Department of Life Sciences, the Department of Natural Sciences, and Department of Chemistry, (d) FKSS with the Department of Indonesian Language and Literature, the Department of English Language and Literature, and the Department of Fine Arts, and (e) FKT with the Department of Machine, the Department of Civil , and the Department of Architecture.
In May, 1966, all of IKIP Padang activities were transferred to Air Tawar. Since then, the institute has begun to build its campus, step by step, and developed the broader programs so that in 1969, there were 21 departments in five faculties were formed.
Since the first year of 1st Five-Year Development, IKIP Padang has grown rapidly. In 1970, IKIP Padang had a Laboratory School consisted of SMA and STM. Two years later, on January 1, 1972, Laboratory Schools were equipped with kindergartens, elementary schools, and junior high schools. In the same year, IKIP Padang was given the responsibility to implement the Development School Pioneer Project.
Starting in the 1975 of academic year, some reformations in the field of program development began with the use of the semester credit system (sks) which in 1979 then was implemented in all of universities throughout Indonesia according to the decisions of the Minister of Education and Culture.
The following year, in 1976 and 1977, a non-degree program was opened in responding to the increasing of the demand of secondary school teachers. This non-degree program is known as the 1st Secondary School Teacher Education (PGSLP), with majors in Natural Sciences (IPA), Mathematics, Indonesian Language, and English. In 1977, this program was expanded by the opening of new fields of study, namely, Guidance and Counseling, Service Skills, and Handicraft Skills. Meanwhile, in the same year, another program was also opened which is called as Teacher Education for Higher Education (PGSLA) with the fields of Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Indonesian and English. Both types of these programs are progressed till on 1978.
With the integration of the Sports College (STO) in 1977, IKIP Padang added a new faculty, namely the Sports Science Teaching Faculty (FKIK) with the Department of Sport, the Department of Import and Recreation, and the Department of Sports and Health. Thus, IKIP Padang has six faculties.
In 1979, IKIP Padang opened the S0, S1 and Akta Mengajar I, II, III and IV. The S0 program consists of D1, DII and DIII programs that specifically produced junior and senior high school teachers.
With the Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture on March 14, 1983, the faculties name of IKIP was set nationally, namely the Faculty of Education (FIP), the Faculty of Language and Art Education (FPBS), the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FPMIPA), the Faculty of Social Science Education (FPIPS), Faculty of Sports and Health Education (FPOK), and the Faculty of Technology and Vocational Education (FPTK).
In 1990, according to the policy of the Indonesia’s Minister of Education and Culture, the implementation of the LPTK program under one roof the School of Teacher Education (SPG) and Sports Teacher School (SGO) in West Sumatra (Bukittinggi and Padang) were integrated into IKIP Padang becoming the Department of Primary School Teacher Education (PGSD) for classroom teachers and the Department of Physical Education PGSD (Penjas). This is done in order to improve the quality of elementary school teachers. As similar on 1994, the School for Special Education Teacher (SGPLB) of Bandar Buat Padang was also integrated into IKIP Padang into the Department of Special Education (PLB) at the FIP IKIP Padang.
The Postgraduate Program (PPs) of UNP has been initiated since 1981 under the name of Credit Collection Activities (KPK) under the guidance of the Postgraduate Faculty of IKIP Jakarta on the Educational Administration study program. The status of the KPK was upgraded to an independent study program with the Decree of the Director General of DIKTI No. 517 / Dikti / Kep / 1992 on December 31, 1992. In the 1994/1995 academic year, the Educational Administration Study Program was grouped into several concentrations, namely Education Management, Guidance and Counseling, Social Sciences Education, and Language Education. In 1996/1997, two concentrations were also opened, namely Educational Technology and Environmental Management. In 1997/1998, several concentrations had also become Study Programs.